Turquoise

Turquoise Gemstone Information
Information * Loose gemstones * Jewelry links

Turquoise is a birthstone for the month of December and the gemstone representing the 11th wedding anniversary. It has been associated with horses for centuries by protecting the rider, who wears the stone, from any injuries if they were to fall off. In the 17th century, turquoise was only considered effective if received as a gift. Native Americans in the Southwest saw the stone to be sacred; and Tibetans today consider turquoise a stone of good fortune, health, and a protector against the "evil eye".

ENHANCEMENT CODE N
Click to view AGTA code.

PROPERTIES
Refractive Index 1.610 - 1.650
Hardness = 5-6 (Moh's Scale)
Specific Gravity = 2.76
Species - Turquoise
Optic Character - Aggregate.


WARNINGS FOR CARE
Ultrasonic: Never use.
Steamer: Never use.
Heat: Very poor; will break into pieces.
Chemicals that harm: Hydrochloric acid, specific gravity liquid.

 

Crystal Structure
Turquoise crystal matrix.
Crystal system: Triclinic. Kidney or grape shaped aggregate.

MAJOR SOURCES
US, Australia, Chile, China, Mexico
Birthstones
 January  Garnet
February Amethyst
March Aquamarine
April Diamond
May Emerald
June Pearl/Alexandrite
July Ruby
August Peridot
September Sapphire
October Opal/Tourmaline
November Topaz or Citrine
December Blue Topaz or Zircon
Common Cut Examples.
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